It is recognized that early childhood is a crucial stage signification for the development of the personality of the individual and also has its own characteristics that distinguish it from any other stage of development. Contributions that have emerged from the field of psychology, and more recently, neuroscience, have contributed to a new conception of the child today. As a professional, a teacher must be able to work in and with diversity, because one can hardly teach others to respect and live with differences if we do not accept work among different people. One must also have the necessary flexibility so that from the knowledge and mastery of the processes planned and proper evaluation of this level, perform the curricular adaptations necessary, which are nothing more than adjustments to the contents of the official curriculum, according to the individual needs of students; in which pose different situations and learning activities One of the distinctive features of teaching is to seek ambitious results and deep learning to be and a terminal level of education, which concludes the formal education.
Regardless of the type of discipline or specialty, schools must form in students a high-level thinking and make them autonomous learners. While these goals are shared, there are differences between disciplines on what is important to each of them. For example, teachers in science and mathematics give great importance to learning the factual domain of facts and principles; instead, humanities and social sciences give greater weight to the personal development of the student, discussion and communication and social skills. ‘What teachers Bring’ believes that quality teaching in school must change the way students understand, experience or conceptualize the world around them. Excellence in teaching is complex and elusive. Similarly, there is a broad agreement that the main indicators of teacher quality are academic achievement and student satisfaction with the teaching received. With the capacity to provide the support required their students, and to assess their progress, from the starting point of each and not in comparison with their peers. This aims to review the objectives, resources, and strategies that fit students in order to enhance their development and learning; all this while respecting the learning pace of the child. Research indicated that learning occurs when students are actively involved in the construction and reconstruction of process knowledge. In this perspective, it must be replaced, in classes, mechanical tasks that require repetition and memorization, for tasks that require students performing mental operations.
To make this new approach to teaching; teachers need to know the methods and techniques of teaching and learning, and may use them appropriately to every teaching situation and learning. The teaching methodology is defined as a set of methods and teaching techniques for learning. The method is the way to achieve a goal, the technique is the process of doing something, how to do. The choice of methodology of teaching and learning is conducted in accordance with the conditions and circumstances of the student, the teacher and the environment. In the socialized method, the main focus is teamwork, integration with social media and this method aims to develop the capacity of interpersonal interaction for students to learn to express and defend their ideas; examples of socialized education case studies, discussion groups, seminars and conferences. The method of socio-individualized teaching is the interaction between teachers and students that aims to produce new knowledge, skills, thinking about them.