Essay on “History of Women’s work”
Women have always worked and have always wanted to do so. Contrary to popular belief, women’s work is not of recent origin and its development has not been linear. The story highlights the alternation of good times, during which the status and rights of women are progressing, and regression periods or is questioned not only the rights of workers but also their right to work.
Women’s work, a highly contested law
In the thirteenth century, women could exercise various trades (doctors, milling etc.) and their gradual exclusion of prestigious and remunerative occupations add questioning of this relative freedom. During the Renaissance, men take the lead in female corporations.
Women’s wages are miserable.
In the fifteenth century, they represent half of the male wage. One hundred years later a daily wins 2/5 of what does a day! There were then two salaries, wages for men and women’s wages were still lower than the first. In the eighteenth century, women worked outside the home was equated with prostitution. Working at home was strongly encouraged. The operation was as great as outside but morality was safe: the woman stays at home.
At the end of the nineteenth century, women’s work is visible and integrated economic development.
In 1906, 44.8% of women were active. Most form a highly exploited labor. Their situation hit the dominant conception of the social role of women. Wife and mother above all are that it was based on the family balance even that of the whole society. Wage labor, by its hardness and anti-natural character, threatens this balance. Moreover, workers and employees are competing for their male counterparts. Philanthropists and then socialists want to prohibit or restrict the work of women. Under the guise of humanitarian arguments, their goal is to devalue women’s work in favor for male employment and promote the return of women back to their homes.
In 1965, married women were finally considered as workers in their own right.
They could practice a profession without the permission of their husband’s alienate, personal property, freehold and perceive the main unemployment benefit. Until then, they were considered a dependent of the husband which deprived them of the right to compensation. Finally, this year, the work of the farmer is recognized. A woman gets the status as a woman farmer.
The notion of female wage was officially abolished in 1945.
Laws were enacted proclaiming the equality of wages between women and men in 1972 and professional equality in 1983, a circular recommends the feminization of the terms of occupations, ranks, and functions (1986) and a proactive policy is conducted to remove the discrimination still suffered by women at work.