A differential association exists between education of women as well as infant mortality through a nativity status, that also emphasized on the synergistically effect of maternal nativity and education on infant mortality rate. Moreover, it also stated that in its overall effect, low education is more detrimental to determination of level infant mortality rate. Higher risk of infant mortality among women with 12 years or less education was also reported. This risk level varies among developed, developing and less developed countries of the world. Developing a paradigm for measuring factors leads to the reduction of infant mortality rate. Previous research underscored education of women as superior to the wealth of nation in terms of influencing mechanism to reduce the rate of mortality.
Despite the tendency to regard both women education which Li et al branded women’s achievement and economic resources as interchangeable indicators of socio-economic status. Policy enhanced program that encourages women education as an important influencing mechanism reduces the infant mortality rate. On the contrary, Hollowell et al advocated for the development of functional antenatal care program as essential to reduce high infant mortality rate; invariably inferring wealth as being more important factor to the determination of low infant mortality rate. But in common health lineal equation, Khan et al stated that “health is wealth”. This affirmation presented the knowledge of women as an unavoidable factor to the determination level of infant mortality. In another study of the casual factors of infant mortality from nursing perspective, Anthony & Lee conducted an ethnographic study in Hamilton County, Ohio. Their findings anchored on the impacts of culture and rate of infant mortality. Their observation on the scenario of infant mortality rate among African American and white women resulted in their assertion of cultural influence on the women’s health and stress level which in turn impacts infant mortality.
Majority of Women
A majority of women see pregnancy as an interruption to their plans for the future. Therefore, it was a huge issue that their infant will not have adequate care. The tackling dilemma of having children along with aspiring for social status upgrade requires an involvement of mothers and grandmothers in offering psychological and physical support. This support eludes women in African American culture. There is a need of a strong social network based on a family to the d infant care for the childbearing women and culture of pregnancy in African American cultural setting as it is among the Hispanics.