What is Obesity?

Obesity is referred to as excessive body weight and increased BMI in an individual. This abnormal physical state is characterized by condition when the ratio of energy intake exceeds energy outflow through physical activities over a prolonged tenure. This results in excessive accumulation of fats in the human body. In adults, obesity is normally analyzed through BMI levels. However, many critical societal and behavioral factors have been noticed that led to induce obesity in adults. The prevalence of adult obesity has extensively increased during the years 1990 and 2000s. The percentage of inhabitants categorized as obese was notably raised from 16.4% in 1993 to 23.8% of women in 2013 and 13.2% in 1993 to 26% of men in the year 2013. Latest figures represented that occurrence of obesity is likely to increase up to double overcoming 25 years. According to the prediction of UK Government, the prevalence of obesity in 2050 is indicated to affect 50% of adult females and 60% of adult males in England.

Prevention of Obesity

Several interventions for prevention of obesity in the history have largely used different “behaviour-change theoretical frameworks” to evaluate the main reason of obesity and to attend the prototypes for physical activity and healthy eating behaviors. Some researchers suggested that such theoretical values may be implemented as action models by assessing human behavior and pattern of eating as well as social and environmental factors involved in weight gain.

Primary Quantitative Survey

The rationale of this primary quantitative survey is to assess the effect of increased consumption of fast-food on the prevalence of adults’ obesity in the United Kingdom. In addition, the research evaluates the cost of obesity management consumed by the NHS. The mounting prevalence of obesity due to increased fast-food consumption has been reported by a number of researchers previously. The World Health Organisation identified the global issue of increased occurrence of obesity. The Danish Presidency of the Europe in 2002 documented the obesity as a foremost risk factor for numerous chronic diseases, such as hypertension, type2 diabetes and a number of cardiovascular diseases. The association between prevailing obesity and increased consumption of fast-food was also examined. They recruited 449 adult participants including males and females for their research purpose. After their survey, they concluded a partial association between increased weight and high-calorie consumption. The increasing rates of obesity are considered to be associated with high consumption rates of fast-food. This research concluded that a significant relationship exists between increased consumption of fast-food and prevalence of obesity. However, it is not essentially assumed that in all cases consumption of fast-food is directly related to the increased prevalence of obesity.

 


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