Education Experience of Latin American Immigrants in U.S A
Latin American Immigrants in U.S A
The immigrants from Asian and Pacific regions who attended vocational programs and community colleges account for 32.3 percent. In contrast, a significant proportion of the native-born Latinos (32.8 percent) attended community colleges. The authors have highlighted the major reason for the decision to attend community college is due to the affordability factor and lower wage rates. The wage rates for Latino immigrants were 39 percent lower than the native-born workers that leave them with the only option to enroll in community college because of affordability. Here, the Latin American immigrants faced inequality in the wages rates that limited their income to afford good institutions for their educational programs. The American reforms introduced by Barack Obama to fortify the technology in the American education systems have compelled the Latinos to look for educational opportunities in the United States. Moreover, the reforms also created opportunities for immigrants to attend college. As a result of higher standards of American Education system, there is a significant increase in the immigrant population. The immigrants until 2050 will represent one-third of all the children in the US. Moreover, the authors also indicated the need for more educational institutions to improve the access of immigrants towards the higher education and also creating the pool of opportunities for immigrant youth. The postsecondary education serves the immigrant Latinos with a range of opportunities like workforce preparation, civic engagement, and social integration. With increased accessibility, flexibility, affordability and open enrollment, the community colleges play the pivotal role in offering postsecondary education to immigrants from Latin America.
Despite that the immigrants intended to seize educational opportunities in the US; however, they faced different cultural and economic barriers to US immigrants. It is mainly due to the different cultural environment because immigrants belong from working class families in comparison to the Native Americans who are privileged. As a result, the immigrants face issues like inadequate information about educational opportunities and the access to those opportunities, citizenship issues, and language issues.
The major issue that is experienced by Latino Americans is segregation in educational institutions. Regardless of the level of institution from schools to higher education, the adolescents from Latin American countries experience more conflict. It is mainly due to the weaker ties within the students, weaker academic norms and large class sizes that are difficult to manage. The Latin American students are disadvantaged in the academic institutions in comparison to the Native Americans in terms of opportunities. Apart from the educational institutions, the Latino Americans as well as African Americans are also segregated by non-immigrants in the neighborhoods. The native born Latinos are not segregated in terms of race and ethnicity as compared to the Latin American immigrants who are more disadvantaged. United States is offering the better educational opportunities to the immigrants in comparison to their native countries that held the reason for migration to US educational systems. Another significant reason for immigrants indicates the purpose of education who claims that US educational systems offer latest communicational technologies and also encourages technological development in society. This technical factor attracts Latinos and South Americans towards American education systems.
Increase in the communication technologies has greater attention of immigrants to get familiar with new communication technologies and capitalize on it to create occupational opportunities. Latinos tend to rely less on print media and are engaging in using broadcast media. In short, the motivation for a large number of Latinos and South Americans within the US educational system is due to technological development in US educational systems and secondly, the US educational reforms also encourage immigrants to acquire the temporary visa for educational purposes.