Essay on Women Sport Growth
Media coverage of women’s sport has not kept up with the tremendous growth rate in participation. Female athletes and female sporting events have been grossly
Underreported and thus underrepresented throughout all mass media. However, the growth of participation in sport by women and girls has continued despite the lack of media interest.
Before Title IX, approximately 300,000 females participated in interscholastic sport. By 1989 that figure had grown to almost 2 million and the growth has continued into the 1990s. Seventeen years ago the average number of teams offered to women was 5.61 per school, in1994 that number had increased to 7.22 teams per school. Basketball, volleyball, tennis, and cross country have continued to be the four most popular sports for women in intercollegiate athletics.
Numbers of women coaches have been on the rise as well: 49.4% of coaches of women ‘steams were female in the 1994 data, up from 48.3% in 1992and 47.3% in 1990. The status of women as administrators has also improved. Twenty-one percent of women’s programs were headed by a female administrator in the 1994 data. This was an increase from 16.8% in 1992 and 15.9% in 1990.Presently, there are fewer athletic programs lacking a female administrator than in any of the last 10 years.
In intercollegiate women’s sport, basketball has consistently been the highest participation sport. In1990 a total of 764 NCAA institutions offered intercollegiate basketball for women. NCAA institutions participating rose by 198 in just one year, from 1988 to 1989. The increase in women’s collegiate basketball participation has also been paralleled by an increase in those wanting to watch. Attendance has grown significantly every year of NCAA participation to a 1990 total of nearly 4 million spectators. In Division I alone, attendance rose from 1.2million in 1982 to 2.3 million in 1990, an increase of more than 90%.