Implementation of the Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP)

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Implementation of the Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP)

To fight against crime, police around the world are constantly in search of better working methods and strategies. The best-known strategy used today is community policing. Virtually all modern doctrines incorporate elements of this design a tour font to the needs of the population.

What is the Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP)?

The Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP) originates police intelligence plans implemented in the UK in the mid-90s (approach initiated by the Kent Constabulary). The basic premise is that the police, who lose too much time to respond to emergencies, must regain the initiative aiming (Targeting) preventively known offenders. The Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP) has spread to Australia, New Zealand, before experiencing success in the United States after the attacks of 11 September 2001. The new appetite for information is due to the prevailing lack of coordination between the specialized agencies US.

It is important to stress the difference between the agendas pursued in the United States and the United Kingdom. For the British, the implementation of ILP was a way to give the police the advantage of the initiative. In the US, the Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP) was tasked, after the failures that led to the September 11 attacks, to bring together the intelligence effort and to promote the exchange of information between agencies.

Implementation of the Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP)

The implementation of the Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP) is not neutral for police services and has a number of implications. First, it presupposes and diversifies the sources of the Criminal Intelligence: police informants, suspect interviews, analyses of crime and calls, surveillance of suspects, partner agencies, information from the population, etc.

The ILP is implemented in the United States, which fits exactly within the framework of the fight against terrorism (LAT). However, fixing the LAT is costly in human, material and financial with few visible results and is often at the expense of other missions. For example, the number of ordinary criminal cases solved by the FBI (refocused ILP) in 2006 decreased by 30% compared to 2005. So ILP is a political choice that must be assumed by those responsible to public opinion since the population may have the feeling of being abandoned by the judicial police. The Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP) is inconceivable effectively if the strategies are supported by sophisticated technical means, generalized and redundant: CCTV, Automated Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) etc. The goal is to have real-time information to anticipate criminal acts. The transition from a traditional police ILP represents a technological leap.

Strategic remarks

Finally, two strategic remarks are in order. One is that the implementation of the ILP must be accompanied by a national research and information management. For the British, the ILP was born along with the National Intelligence Model (NIM). In France, this assumes that the police seriously begin to devote resources and specific to the intelligence’s function structures. The other is that the balance of the intelligence function within the police work tends to blur further the boundaries between internal security and external security. The ILP fits perfectly within the concept of comprehensive security, or general safeguard. This underlines the importance of internal security in national defense.

 

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